Was Adolf Hitler Gay?
One of Adolf Hitler's close associates, Roehm, was a known homosexual. Fearing his rising political power, Hitler ordered his execution along with several of his allies in the infamous "Night of the Long Knives." Some historians speculate that the true reason Hitler had him killed was to hide his own homosexuality. And though passages in the memoirs of different men who spent time with Hitler are used as an argument for his homosexuality, there is no definitive proof.
History of Homophobia in Germany
In 1871, the First Reich enacted Paragraph 175 of the Reich Criminal Code:
A male who indulges in criminally indecent behavior with another male, or who allows himself to participate in such activity, will be punished with imprisonment. If one of the participants is under the age of twenty-one, and if the offense has not been grave, the court may dispense with the sentence of imprisonment.
Homosexuals in Nazi Germany
After the execution of Roehm, Hitler ordered the registration of all homosexuals and in 1935 revised the code on homosexuality to include:
- Up to 10 years in prison and no less than 3 months for:
- (1) a male who, with violence or the threat of violence to body and soul or life, compels another male to commit a sex offense with him or to allow himself to be abused for a sex offense;
- (2) a male who, by abusing a relationship of dependence based upon service, employment or subordination, induces another male to commit a sex offense with him or to allow himself to be abused for a sex offense;
- (3) a male over 21 years of age who seduces a male person under twenty-one years to commit a sex offense with him or to allow himself to be abused for a sex offense;
- (4) a male who publicly commits a sex offense with males or allows himself to be abused by males for a sex offense or offers himself for the same.
- Persons convicted under these laws were ordered to wear a pink triangle.
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